A Unix-style "manpage" for the Exiv2 command line utility.

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EXIV2

Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: August 10, 2021
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

exiv2 - Image metadata manipulation tool  

SYNOPSIS

exiv2 [options] [action] file ...
 

DESCRIPTION

exiv2 is a program to read and write Exif, IPTC, XMP metadata and image comments and can read many vendor makernote tags. The program optionally converts between Exif tags, XMP properties and IPTC datasets as recommended by the Exif Standard, the IPTC Standard, the XMP specification and Metadata Working Group guidelines.
The following image formats are supported:
TypeExifIPTCXMPImage CommentsICC Profile






AVIFReadReadRead--
BMP-----
CR2Read/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
CR3ReadReadRead-Read
CRWRead/Write--Read/Write-
DNGRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
EPS--Read/Write--
EXVRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write Read/Write
GIF-----
HEICReadReadRead--
HEIFReadReadRead--
JP2Read/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
JPEGRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write
MRWReadReadRead--
NEFRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
ORFRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write--
PEFRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
PGFRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write
PNGRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write
PSDRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write--
RAFReadReadRead--
RW2ReadReadRead--
SR2ReadReadRead--
SRWRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write--
TGA-----
TIFFRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write-Read/Write
WEBPRead/Write-Read/Write-Read/Write
XMP--Read/Write--

*
Support for GIF, TGA and BMP images is minimal: the image format is recognized, a MIME type assigned to it and the height and width of the image are determined.
*
Reading other TIFF-like RAW image formats, which are not listed in the table, may also work.
 

ACTIONS

The action argument is only required if it is not clear from the options which action is implied.
pr | print
Print image metadata. This is the default action, i.e., the command exiv2 image.jpg will print a summary of the image Exif metadata.
ex | extract
Extract metadata to *.exv, XMP sidecar (*.xmp) and thumbnail image files. Modification commands can be applied on-the-fly.
in | insert
Insert metadata from corresponding *.exv, XMP sidecar (*.xmp) and thumbnail files. Use option -S .suf to change the suffix of the input files. Since files of any supported format can be used as input files, this command can be used to copy the metadata between files of different formats. Modification commands can be applied on-the-fly.
rm | delete
Delete image metadata from the files.
ad | adjust
Adjust Exif timestamps by the given time. Requires at least one of the options -a time, -Y yrs, -O mon or -D day.
mo | modify
Apply commands to modify (add, set, delete) the Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata of image files. Requires option -c, -m or -M.
mv | rename
Rename files and/or set file timestamps according to the Exif create timestamp. Uses the value of tag Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal or, if not present, Exif.Image.DateTime to determine the timestamp. The filename format can be set with -r fmt, timestamp options are -t and -T.
fi | fixiso
Copy the ISO setting from one of the proprietary Nikon or Canon makernote ISO tags to the regular Exif ISO tag, Exif.Photo.ISOSpeedRatings. Does not overwrite an existing standard Exif ISO tag.
fc | fixcom
Fix the character encoding of Exif Unicode user comments. Decodes the comment using the auto-detected or specified character encoding and writes it back in UCS-2. Use option -n to specify the current encoding of the comment if necessary.
 

COMMAND SUMMARY

exiv2 [ opt [arg] ]+ [ act ] file ...

option [arg]    long option     description
-a      tim     --adjust        Modify time stamps.  [+|-]HH[:MM[:SS[.mmm]]]
-b              --binary        This option is obsolete and should not be used.  Reserved for test suite (with option -pC)
-c      txt     --comment       JPEG comment string to set in the image ('modify' action).  ...
-d      tgt     --delete        Delete target(s) for the 'delete' action. ...
-D      +-n     --days  Time  adjustment by a positive or negative number of days ...
-e      tgt     --extract       Extract target(s) for the 'extract' action.
-f              --force Do not prompt before overwriting existing  files ...
-F              --Force Do not prompt before renaming files (Force rename) ...
-g      key     --grep  Only output info for this Exiv2 key
-h              --help  Display help and exit.
-i      tgt     --insert        Insert target(s) for the 'insert' action. ...
-k              --keep  Preserve file timestamps when updating files
-K      key     --key   Report key.  Similar to -g (grep) however key must match exactly.
-l      dir     --location      Location (directory) for files to be inserted or extracted.
-m      file    --modify        read commands from cmd-file
-M      cmd     --Modify        Command line for the 'modify' action. ...
-n      enc     --encode        Charset to decode Exif Unicode user comments. See: man 3 iconv_open
-O      +-n     --months        Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of months, ...
-p      mod     --print Print report (common reports)
-P      flg     --Print Print report (fine grained control)
-q              --quiet Silence warnings and error messages from the Exiv2 library ...
-Q      lvl     --log   Set the log-level to 'd'(ebug), 'i'(nfo), 'w'(arning), 'e'(rror)
-r      fmt     --rename        Filename format for the 'rename' action. ...
-S      suf     --suffix        Use suffix .suf for source files for insert command.
-t              --timestamp     Set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp ...
-T              --Timestamp     Only set the file timestamp according to Exif create timestamp ...
-u              --unknown       Show unknown tags ...
-v              --verbose       verbose
-V              --version       Show the program version and exit.
-Y      +-n     --years Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of years ...

act             pr | ex | in | rm | ad | mo | mv | fi | fc
                print, extract, insert, delete, adjust, modify, rename, fixiso, fixcom

cmd             See "Commands" below.

flg             E | I | X | x | g | k | l | n | y | c | s | v | t | h
                Exif, IPTC, XMP, num, grp, key, label, name, type, count, size, vanilla, translated, hex

fmt             Default format is %Y%m%d_%H%M%S.

lvl             d | i | i | w | e
                debug, info, warning, error

mod             s | a | e | t | v | h | i | x | c | p | i | C | R | S | X
                summary, all, exif, translated, vanilla, hex, iptc, xmp, comment, preview,
                ICC Profile, Recursive Structure, Simple Structure, raw XMP

tgt             a | c | e | i | p | t | x | C | X | XX | -
                all, comment, exif, iptc, preview, thumb, xmp, ICC Profile, SideCar, RawXMP, stdin/out
 

OPTIONS

-h
Display help and exit.
-V
Show the program version and exit.
When -V is combined with -v (Verbose version), build information is printed to standard output along with a list of shared libraries which have been loaded into memory. Verbose version is supported on Windows (MSVC, Cygwin and MinGW builds), macOS and Linux and is provided for test and debugging.
-v
Be verbose during the program run.
-q
Silence warnings and error messages from the Exiv2 library during the program run (quiet). Note that options -v and -q can be used at the same time.
-Q lvl
Set the log-level to 'd'(ebug), 'i'(nfo), 'w'(arning), 'e'(rror) or 'm'(ute). The default log-level is 'w'. -Qm is equivalent to -q. All log messages are written to standard error.
-u
Show unknown tags (default is to suppress tags which don't have a name).
-g key
Only keys which match the given key (grep).
Multiple -g options can be used to filter info to less keys. Example: exiv2 -v -V -g webready -g time. The default exiv2 command prints a "summary report" which is quite short. When you use -g without a -pmod option, you do not get a summary report and in effect you get -g pattern -pa image ...

$ bin/exiv2 -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
Exif.Image.DateTime                 Ascii    20  2015:07:16 20:25:28
Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal         Ascii    20  2015:07:16 15:38:54
Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized        Ascii    20  2015:07:16 15:38:54
Exif.NikonWt.DateDisplayFormat      Byte      1  Y/M/D
Exif.GPSInfo.GPSDateStamp           Ascii    11  2015:07:16
Xmp.xmp.ModifyDate                  XmpText  25  2015-07-16T20:25:28+01:00

You may use -pmod filters to further filter output. For example:

$ bin/exiv2 -px -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
Xmp.xmp.ModifyDate                           XmpText    25  2015-07-16T20:25:28+01:00

The option -g (--grep) applies to keys and not values.
The key may finish with the optional modifier /i to indicate case insensitive.

-K key
Only report data for given key.
Multiple -K options can be used to report more than a single key.
$ exiv2 -K Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized -K Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal -pt R.jpg
Exif.Photo.DateTimeOriginal   Ascii    20  2011:09:18 16:25:48
Exif.Photo.DateTimeDigitized  Ascii    20  2011:09:18 16:25:48
-n enc
Charset to use to decode Exif Unicode user comments. enc is a name understood by iconv_open(3), e.g., 'UTF-8'.
-k
Preserve file timestamps when updating files (keep). Can be used with all options which update files. The flag is ignored by read-only options.
-t
Set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp in addition to renaming the file (overrides -k). This option is only used with the 'rename' action. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.
-T
Only set the file timestamp according to the Exif create timestamp, do not rename the file (overrides -k). This option is only used with the 'rename' action. Note: On Windows you may have to set the TZ environment variable for this option to work correctly. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.
-f,-F
These options are used by the commands 'rename' and 'extract' to determine the file overwrite policy. These options are usually combined with -v/--verbose to provide additional status output.

The options --force and --Force apply to the 'rename' command. The 'extract' command treats --force and --Force as permission to overwrite.

The default behaviour is to prompt the user.
-f = Do not prompt before overwriting existing files.
-F = Do not prompt before renaming files. Appends '_1' ('_2', ...) to the name of the new file. For example:

$ curl --silent -O http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 --verbose --Force rename Stonehenge.jpg
File 1/1: Stonehenge.jpg
Renaming file to ./20150716_153854.jpg
$ curl --silent -O http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 --verbose --Force rename Stonehenge.jpg
File 1/1: Stonehenge.jpg
Renaming file to ./20150716_153854_1.jpg

The 'rename' command will only overwrite files when the option --force is used. The option --Force is provided to avoid unintentional loss of valuable image files.

The 'extract' command will overwrite files when either --force or --Force is used. Overwriting extracted files will not cause the loss of image files.

-r fmt
Filename format for the 'rename' action. The format string follows strftime(3) and supports the following keywords:
:basename:original filename without extension
:dirname:name of the directory holding the original file
:parentname:name of parent directory
Default filename format is %Y%m%d_%H%M%S.
-a time
Time adjustment in the format [-]HH[:MM[:SS]]. This option is only used with the 'adjust' action. Examples: 1 adds one hour, 1:01 adds one hour and one minute, -0:00:30 subtracts 30 seconds. See Exif DateTime below for additional information.
-Y yrs
Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of years, for the 'adjust' action.
-O mon
Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of months, for the 'adjust' action.
-D day
Time adjustment by a positive or negative number of days, for the 'adjust' action.
-p mode
Print mode for the 'print' action. Possible modes are:
s : print a summary of the Exif metadata (the default)
a : print Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata (shortcut for -Pkyct)
e : print Exif metadata (shortcut for -PEkycv)
t : interpreted (translated) Exif tags (-PEkyct)
v : plain Exif tag values (-PExgnycv)
h : hexdump of the Exif data (-PExgnycsh)
i : IPTC datasets (-PIkyct)
x : XMP properties (-PXkyct)
c : JPEG comment
p : list available image previews, sorted by preview image size in pixels
C : print image ICC Profile (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
R : print image structure recursively (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
S : print image structure information (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
X : print "raw" XMP (jpg, png, tiff, webp, cr2, jp2 only)
-P flgs
Print flags for fine control of the tag list ('print' action). Allows control of the type of metadata as well as data columns included in the print output. Valid flags are:
E : include Exif tags in the list
I : IPTC datasets
X : XMP properties
x : print a column with the tag number
g : group name
k : key
l : tag label
n : tag name
y : type
c : number of components (count)
s : size in bytes
v : plain data value (vanilla values)
V : plain data value AND the word 'set ' (for use with exiv2 -m-)
t : interpreted (translated) human readable data
h : hexdump of the data
-d tgt
Delete target(s) for the 'delete' action. Possible targets are:
a : all supported metadata (the default)
e : Exif section
t : Exif thumbnail only
i : IPTC data
x : XMP packet
c : JPEG comment
C : ICC Profile
I : All IPTC data
-i tgt
Insert target(s) for the 'insert' action. Possible targets are the same as those for the -d option, plus an optional modifier:

X : Insert metadata from an XMP sidecar file <file>.xmp. The remaining insert targets determine what metadata to insert from the sidecar file. Possible are Exif, IPTC and XMP and the default is all of these. Note that the inserted XMP properties include those converted to Exif and IPTC.

XX: Insert "raw" XMP metadata from a sidecar (see option -pX)

- : Read from stdin. This option is intended for "filter" operations such as:
$ exiv2 -e{tgt}- filename | xmllint .... | exiv2 -i{tgt}- filename

Only JPEG thumbnails can be inserted (not TIFF thumbnails), and must be named file-thumb.jpg.

-e tgt
Extract target(s) for the 'extract' action. Possible targets are the same as those for the -d option, plus a target to extract preview images and a modifier to generate an XMP sidecar file:
p[<n>[,<m> ...]] : Extract preview images. The optional comma separated list of preview image numbers is used to determine which preview images to extract. The available preview images and their numbers are displayed with the 'print' option -pp.

C : Extract embedded ICC profile to <file>.icc

X : Extract metadata to an XMP sidecar file <file>.xmp. The remaining extract targets determine what metadata to extract to the sidecar file. Possible are Exif, IPTC and XMP and the default is all of these.

XX: Extract "raw" XMP metadata to a sidecar (see -pX)
You may not use modify commands with the -eXX option and only XMP is written to the sidecar.

- Output to stdout (see -i tgt for an example of this feature)

-c txt
JPEG comment string to set in the image ('modify' action). This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly.
-m file
Command file for the 'modify' action. This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly. -m- represents standard-input.
-M cmd
Command line for the 'modify' action. This option can also be used with the 'extract' and 'insert' actions to modify metadata on-the-fly. The format for the commands is the same as that of the lines of a command file.
-l dir
Location (directory) for files to be inserted or extracted.
-S .suf
Use suffix .suf for source files in 'insert' action.
 

COMMANDS

Commands for the 'modify' action can be read from a command file, e.g.,

$ exiv2 -m cmd.txt image.jpg

or given on the command line, as in

$ exiv2 -M"add Iptc.Application2.Credit String Mr. Smith" image.jpg

Note the quotes. Multiple -m and -M options can be combined, and a non-standard XMP namespace registered.

$ exiv2 -M"reg myprefix http://ns.myprefix.me/" -M"add Xmp.myprefix.Whom Mr. Smith" -M"set Exif.Image.Artist Mr. Smith" image.jpg

When writing Exif, IPTC and XMP metadata, exiv2 enforces only a correct metadata structure. It is possible to write tags with types and values different from those specified in the standards, duplicate Exif tags, undefined tags, or incomplete metadata. While exiv2 is able to read all metadata that it can write, other programs may have difficulties with images that contain non standard-conforming metadata.  

Command format

The format of a command is

set | add | del key [[type] value]
set
Set the value of an existing tag with a matching key or add the tag.
add
Add a tag (unless key is a non-repeatable IPTC key; nothing prevents you from adding duplicate Exif tags).
del
Delete all occurrences of a tag (requires only a key).
key
Exiv2 Exif, IPTC or XMP key.
type
Exif keys: Byte | Ascii | Short | Long | Rational | Undefined | SShort | SLong | SRational | Comment
IPTC keys: String | Date | Time | Short | Undefined
XMP keys: XmpAlt | XmpBag | XmpSeq | LangAlt

A default type is used if none is explicitly given. The default is determined based on key.

value
The remaining text on the line is the value. It can optionally be enclosed in single quotes ('value') or double quotes ("value").

The value is optional. Not providing any value is equivalent to an empty value ("") and is mainly useful to create an XMP array property, e.g., a bag.

The format of Exif Comment values include an optional charset specification at the beginning. Comments are used by the tags Exif.Photo.UserComment, Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod and Exif.GPSInfo.GPSAreaInformation. Comments are stored as Undefined tags with an 8 byte encoding definition follow by the encoded data. The charset is specified as follows:

[charset=Ascii|Jis|Unicode|Undefined] comment
charset=Undefined is the default

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Ascii My photo' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep UserComment x.jpg
Exif.Photo.UserComment         Undefined  16  My photo
$ exiv2 -pv --grep UserComment x.jpg
0x9286 Photo       UserComment Undefined  16  charset=Ascii My photo

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Unicode \u0052\u006f\u0062\u0069\u006e' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep UserComment x.jpg
Exif.Photo.UserComment                       Undefined  18  Robin
$ exiv2 -pv --grep UserComment x.jpg
0x9286 Photo        UserComment                 Undefined  18  charset=Unicode Robin

$ exiv2 -M'set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod HYBRID-FIX' x.jpg
$ exiv2 -pa --grep ProcessingMethod        x.jpg
Exif.GPSInfo.GPSProcessingMethod             Undefined  18  HYBRID-FIX
$ exiv2 -pv --grep ProcessingMethod        x.jpg
0x001b GPSInfo     GPSProcessingMethod       Undefined  18  HYBRID-FIX

The format for an IPTC Date value is: YYYY-MM-DD (year, month, day)

The format for an IPTC Time value is: HH:MM:SS (hours, minutes, seconds) and may optionally be followed by: -HH:MM or +HH:MM (hours, minutes ahead/behind UTC)

The format of Rational (and SRational) is one of: integer | integer/integer | Fnumber | number
Rational Examples:

$ exiv2 "-Mset Exif.Photo.MaxApertureValue 557429/62500" X.jpg
$ exiv2 "-Mset Exif.Photo.MaxApertureValue F5.6" X.jpg

The Rational format Fnumber is for the convenience of setting aperture values. Aperture values are stored in Exif is an APEX value which can be evaluated by the expression:

apex-value  =    log(Fnumber) * 2.0 / log(2.0)
number      = exp(apex-value * log(2.0) / 2.0)

The Rational format Fnumber is valid for any Rational, even when the key is not an Aperture. More information about APEX value is available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APEX_system

The format of XMP LangAlt values includes an optional language qualifier:

lang=language-code text

The double quotes around the language-code are optional. If no languge qualifier is supplied, then the value of "x-default" is used. More information on the language format can be found at: https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3066.txt

$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="de-DE" Euros' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-GB" Pounds' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-US" In God We Trust' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang=fr-FR Euros' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang=jp Yen' X.jpg
$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title All others pay cash' X.jpg

To remove a language specification, set the value to '' (empty string)

$ exiv2 -M'set Xmp.dc.title lang="en-US"' X.jpg
To remove all language specifications, delete the key:
$ exiv2 -M'del Xmp.dc.title' X.jpg
To register additional XMP namespaces, combine the command with:
reg prefix namespace
 

Command file format

Empty lines and lines starting with # in a command file are ignored (comments). Remaining lines are commands as described above.
 

EXIF TAGNAMES AND VALUES

Exiv2 displays metadata tags and values.

The tag is a triplet of Family.Group.Tagname. The following groups are defined for the family Exif:

GPSInfo      Canon           Fujifilm     NikonMe         OlympusFe7        SonyMisc2b
Image        CanonCf                      NikonPc         OlympusFe9        SonyMisc3c
Image2       CanonCs         Nikon1       NikonPreview    OlympusFi         SonyMinolta
Image3       CanonFi         Nikon2       NikonSi01xx     OlympusIp         SonySInfo1
Iop          CanonPa         Nikon3       NikonSi02xx     OlympusRd
MakerNote    CanonPi         NikonAFT     NikonSiD300a    OlympusRd2        Samsung2
MpfInfo      CanonPr         NikonAf      NikonSiD300b    OlympusRi         SamsungPictureWizard
Photo        CanonSi         NikonAf2     NikonSiD40                        SamsungPreview
SubImage1    CanonTi         NikonAf22    NikonSiD80      Sigma
SubImage2                    NikonCb1     NikonVr
SubImage3    Casio           NikonCb2     NikonWt         Sony1
SubImage4    Casio2          NikonCb2a                    Sony1Cs
SubImage5                    NikonCb3     Olympus         Sony1Cs2
SubImage6    Minolta         NikonCb4     Olympus2        Sony1MltCs7D
SubImage7    MinoltaCs5D     NikonFi      OlympusCs       Sony1MltCsA100
SubImage8    MinoltaCs7D     NikonFl1     OlympusEq       Sony1MltCsNew
SubImage9    MinoltaCsNew    NikonFl2     OlympusFe1      Sony1MltCsOld
SubThumb1    MinoltaCsOld    NikonFl3     OlympusFe2      Sony2
Thumbnail                    NikonIi      OlympusFe3      Sony2Cs
             Panasonic       NikonLd1     OlympusFe4      Sony2Cs2
Pentax       PanasonicRaw    NikonLd2     OlympusFe5      Sony2Fp
PentaxDng                    NikonLd3     OlympusFe6      SonyMisc1

Exiv2 supports Exif 2.2 Standard Tags. Exiv2 also supports reading and writing manufacturer's MakerNote. The information in Exif.Photo.MakerNote is encoded as manufacturer's sub-records. For example, CanonCs are Camera Settings, NikonAf are Nikon Auto Focus records, NikonCb are Nikon Color Balance Records. Every tag is defined by a unique tagId (16 bit integer) which is unique within a Group.

You can query Exiv2 groups and tags with the sample program taglist which is documented in README-SAMPLES.md

Exif Metadata values are defined in the Exif Standard. All data is an array of data elements. The Count defines the number elements in the array. All elements in an array have the same type.

Type               Explanation
 1 BYTE            An 8-bit unsigned integer.
 2 ASCII           7-bit ASCII. NUL terminated.
 3 SHORT           A 16-bit (2-byte) unsigned integer.
 4 LONG            A 32-bit (4-byte) unsigned integer
 5 RATIONAL        Two LONGs. Numerator, denominator.
 7 UNDEFINED       An 8-bit byte.
 8 SSHORT          A 16-bit (2-byte) signed integer.
 9 SLONG           A 32-bit (4-byte) signed integer.
10 SRATIONAL       Two SLONGs. Numerator, denominator.

The printing flag t = translated and is intended for human use. Scripts should never use translated values as they are localised and the format may change as Exiv2 evolves. The printing flag v reports the values recorded in the metadata and should be used by scripts.  

Exif DateTime

An Exif DateTime string is stored as 20 ascii bytes (including trailing nul) in the format:

YYYY:MM:DD HH:MM:SS

The exiv2 command-line program options -t and -T will accept files in which the Date has been incorrectly stored as YYYY-MM-DD. The option -a enables the user to adjust the DateTime in the file and applies the YYYY:MM:DD HH:MM:SS standard.

 

CONFIGURATION FILE

Exiv2 can read an optional configuration file ~/.exiv2 on Unix systems and %USERPROFILE%\exiv2.ini on Windows (using a Visual Studio build). Cygwin and MinGW/msys2 follow the unix convention and use ~/.exiv2 You can determine the location of the configuration file with the command:

$ exiv2 --verbose --version --grep config_path
exiv2 0.27.0.1
config_path=/Users/rmills/.exiv2

The purpose of the configuration file is to define your own lenses for recognition by Exiv2. The configuration file is in Windows .ini format and has sections for each of the major camera manufactures canon,nikon,pentax,minolta,olympus and sony. The lens metadata is stored as a integer called the lensID. You can change the lens name associated with any lensID.

$ cat ~/.exiv2
[nikon]
146=Robin's Sigma Lens  <--- The name of your lens

You obtain the lensID for your camera with the command:

$ exiv2 -pv --grep lens/i http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
0x0083 Nikon3       LensType           Byte       1  14
0x0084 Nikon3       Lens               Rational   4  180/10 2500/10 35/10 63/10
0x008b Nikon3       LensFStops         Undefined  4  55 1 12 0
0x000c NikonLd3     LensIDNumber       Byte       1  146 <--- This number
0x000d NikonLd3     LensFStops         Byte       1  55
 

EXAMPLES

$ exiv2 *.jpg
Prints a summary of the Exif information for all JPEG files in the directory. The summary report is rather brief and presentation does not use the Family.Group.Tag convention.

If you use --grep pattern, the default becomes -pa. See -g/grep above.

$ exiv2 -g Date http://clanmills.com/Stonehenge.jpg
$ exiv2 -pi image.jpg
Prints the IPTC metadata of the image.

$ exiv2 rename img_1234.jpg
Renames img_1234.jpg (taken on 13-Nov-05 at 22:58:31) to 20051113_225831.jpg

$ exiv2 -r':basename:_%Y%m' rename img_1234.jpg
Renames img_1234.jpg to img_1234_200511.jpg

$ exiv2 -et img1.jpg img2.jpg
Extracts the Exif thumbnails from the two files into img1-thumb.jpg and img2-thumb.jpg.

$ exiv2 -it img1.jpg img2.jpg
Inserts (copies) metadata from img1.exv to img1.jpg and from img2.exv to img2.jpg.

$ exiv2 -ep1,2 image.jpg
Extracts previews 1 and 2 from the image to the files image-preview1.jpg and image-preview2.jpg.

$ exiv2 -eiX image.jpg
Extracts IPTC datasets into an XMP sidecar file image.xmp and in the process converts them to "IPTC Core" XMP schema.

$ exiv2 -iixX image.jpg
Inserts IPTC and XMP metadata from an XMP sidecar file image.xmp into image.jpg. The resulting IPTC datasets are converted from the "IPTC Core" XMP schema properties in the sidecar file to the older IPTC IIM4 format. The inserted XMP properties include those in the "IPTC Core" XMP schema.

$ exiv2 -M"set Exif.Photo.UserComment charset=Ascii New Exif comment" image.jpg
Sets the Exif comment to an ASCII string.

$ exiv2 -M"set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSLatitude 4/1 15/1 33/1" \ -M"set Exif.GPSInfo.GPSLatitudeRef N" image.jpg
Sets the latitude to 4 degrees, 15 minutes and 33 seconds north. The Exif standard stipulates that the GPSLatitude tag consists of three Rational numbers for the degrees, minutes and seconds of the latitude and GPSLatitudeRef contains either 'N' or 'S' for north or south latitude respectively.

$ exiv2 -l/tmp -S.CRW insert /data/*.JPG
Copy all metadata from CRW files in the /tmp directory to JPG files with corresponding basenames in the /data directory. Note that this copies metadata as is, without any modifications to adapt it to the requirements of the target format. Some tags copied like this may not make sense in the target image.

 

SEE ALSO

https://exiv2.org/sample.html#modify
Sample command files.
https://exiv2.org/metadata.html
Taglists with key and default type values.  

AUTHORS

exiv2 was written by Andreas Huggel and others.
The Exiv2 project web site is https://exiv2.org.
The code is hosted on GitHub at https://github.com/exiv2/exiv2


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ACTIONS
COMMAND SUMMARY
OPTIONS
COMMANDS
Command format
Command file format
EXIF TAGNAMES AND VALUES
Exif DateTime
CONFIGURATION FILE
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 13:42:57 GMT, October 01, 2021